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杰睿初中英语名师团详解2015海淀中考一模
作 者: 杰睿学校 日 期: 2015-05-07 16:29:20 来 源: www.jerryschool.com
摘要:杰睿初中英语名师团详解2015海淀中考一模

听力理解

一、

1-5. BABAC

二、

6-10 ACBCC

11-15 ABCAB

三、

16. Sunday

17. 7

18.Bluesky

19.free

20.bus


知识运用

四、单项选择

解析:

答案【B】(考查人称代词,缺少宾语,故用宾格形式。)

答案【A】(考查时间介词,具体日期前应使用on)

答案【D】(考查并列连词,根据句意,应翻译为“不然”,故选择or)

答案【B】(考查情态动词,must的否定回答为needn’t)

答案【C】(考查时态。Look,为警示性语言,是现在进行时的标志词 )

答案【D】(根据答句,可知提问的是频率)

答案【A】(考查不定式。 tell sb. to do sth.)

答案【D】(考查时态。 since是现在完成时标志词)

答案【B】(考查被动语态。these days 说明是当前的情况)

答案【C】(考查宾语从句,从句要符合陈述语序,又因为是tomorrow morning,所以是将来时)


五、完形填空

完形填空的文章体裁是记叙文,主题还是经常考到的“亲情”,考查内容方面较往年有所调整,只考查了动词(31,32,34, 37,38,40题),占60%,名词(35题),形容词和副词(33,36,,39题)。其中31, 32 名词动用的词汇要求非常突出,建议学生复习时加强词汇活用的积累。

答案【B】。从前后文She no longer wanted to be married to me, ….only getting to see each other every other weekend.照应得知,此处应是父子俩“had to part” ,在此 part当动词“(使某人)离开或与某人分离”讲。

答案【A】。前文在讲:We arrived …,getting out of …, brought out …等,钓鱼前的准备工作,下文“I could just ____  the day in my mind in hopes that it will… ”从“in my mind”与“in hopes” 等相关信息可知,作者当时是在心中“构想”那一天将会是如何的幸福和快乐。故选picture,在此当动词“描绘,构想”讲。

答案【C】。前文“Do I put his life jacket on first or …? ”;及后文, but I did not see  him anywhere. … jumped into the  water to save my son …得知作者是迅速抬头看儿子是否安全,所以“looked quickly  expecting to see Robert ____ standing there.” 空处应填safely。

答案【D】。前文讲到在作者的四处search下,水已经变得murky(浑浊),所以接下来在水中搜救就只能feel around,故选答案D。

答案【A】。作者经过全力的搜救,终于在水下wooden pole处找到儿子,于是brought him to the ___ and put him on the  bank,很显然是把孩子从水下拖到水面,然后救上岸来。故选A。surface表面,此处为水面讲。

答案【D】。孩子救了上来,作者hugged him and was ___ that I had found  him. ,选项中thoughtful考虑周到的,regretful后悔的,hopeful有希望的,thankful感激的,欣慰的,当然从结果可以断定是thankful。

答案【B】。从前文his arm wrapped around the wooden pole that  holds up the dock. 可知孩子当时“hold onto that pole”,而不是jumping,stepping, 或pointing。

答案【C】。Daddy,I knew you would  come to ___ me. 全文讲述一个父亲全力在湖中搜救儿子的故事,所以此处必然填save。

答案【B】。本句前后信息可知,作者听到孩子的I love you too,  Dad, 的答语后,自然是积极的情绪而非sad,cool,或funny,而应为proud,而且本句中mad为激动讲。与proud相一致。

答案【C】。…could replace being loved and ___ someone  so much. 全文是讲一对相互爱着对方的父子的感人故事,所以本空填写loving.


六、阅读理解

解析:

A篇

41.答案【C】(答案在表格第一栏的第一、二行)  

42.答案【D】(答案在表格第四栏的第二行)  

43.答案【B】(综合四个栏内的内容,可知Great Sphix, built more than 4,000 years  ago 是最古老的)  


B篇

44.答案【C】(答案在第一段最后一句话:Who would be so  careless?)  

45.答案【A】(答案在第八段后半句: I saw a group of kids hanging up notices  about this same cat there)  

46.答案【D】(答案在全文最后一句: I ran home to get  the cat and reunite owner and pet)  

47.答案【B】(通过阅读全文可知,作者刚开始武断得认为是猫的主人由于粗心大意丢了宠物,后来才知道是自己误会了主人)  


C篇

此文章谈论的是越来越流行的“网络购物”这一话题,主要阐述了这一商业模式给环境带来的坏的影响。文章属于议论文, 立意明确,层次清晰。第一段提出观点—online shopping is  bad for the environment. 第二段,用科学家的结论再次详细的说明了这一立场—online shopping is  wasteful. It also adds to air pollution. 第三段和第四段通过数字和举例来证明了第一点—online shopping is  wasteful。第五段和第六段证明了第二点—It also adds to  air pollution.  

48.答案【D】 属于细节题,针对waste这一现象提问,故答案在第四段,可以推知答案为D。

49.答案【C】属于细节题,围绕next-day delivery 来提问,在文章的第五段。

51.答案【C】属于标题大意题。此题相对简单,按照我们所说的“高频词”“中心词”来选择,文章围绕shopping来写,而且是围绕“网购”这种新兴方式(way)来写,主要论述的是这种方式对环境的影响,所以与clean照应,故答案为C。


D篇

本篇文章是一篇近几年经常会出现的科学研究类文章—亲密的朋友可以比自己更准确的预知自身性格对健康和生命的影响。文章篇幅很长,可能学生一上来会被吓到;而且文章中有一些生词,它所阐述的内容学生也比较陌生,所以对学生来说有一些难度。但是只要学生耐心读完,会发现我们平时总结出来的规律:文章难,题会相对简单!  

52.答案【B】属于段落主旨题,第二段第二行明确指出“your personality  can predict how long you will live and close friends are usually better than  you at recognizing these traits”  

53.答案【D】词汇猜测题,按照我们说的词汇猜测题要回归原文语境进行推断,再结合“结构相似法”,不难发现,上句话和本局结构类似。“friends may see  something that you miss,”——朋友能发现一些或许你会错过的东西,那么所猜测的单词应该与此句含义一致。并且文章最后一段最后一句话也出现了understanding这个词。

54.答案【C】正误判断题,需要同学对文章中心要有明确把握,但C选项与文章倒数第二段的吻合度非常明显。

55.答案【A】此题答案很明确,一定来自最后一段。那么细读最后一段,不难发现最后一句话和A吻合。  


七、阅读短文,还原句子。  

56.答案【B】(前面都在讲Maggie 和 Sarah 长得像,因此这句承接上文,她们两个身高相差不大)  

57.答案【E】(前面一句说她们两个有很多共同点,因此这句写两人喜欢相同的电视节目,书籍以及食物)  

58.答案【C】(后面一句写Maggie 喜欢运动,而Sarah 则不喜欢运动。因此是两人也有不同之处)  

59.答案【D】(前面一句写两人也有其他方面的不同)  

60.答案【A】(总结全文: 每个人都与别人有相似的地方,也有着自身的特点。)  


八、任务阅读

①Do you worry about  your health? Have you tried to run or walk for exercise and quit? If your  answer yes, you should try a new type of exercise: aquatic exercise. Aquatic  exercise is a kind of exercise you do in a swimming pool. For example, you can  run, walk, or even do a mind-body practice, such as yoga.

②More and more  people are trying aquatic exercise. In the United States, the number has grown  by 25% in resent years. People in other countries are also doing aquatic  exercise more frequently.

③Aquatic exercise  has many benefits. First of all, it feels easier than exercising on land. Why?  You weigh about 90% less in the pool. It is also better for your knees than  running or walking.

④Aquatic exercise  feels easy, but you still burn calories. Water is 1,000 times thicker and  heavier than air. In the same amount of time, you can burn more calories in the  pool than in the gym. That’s because it takes more energy to move in the water.

⑤But what if you are  scared of the water? No problem! There is nothing to worry about aquatic  exercise is safe and easy to learn. It doesn’t require any new special skill.  For most kinds of aquatic exercise, you don’t need to know how to swim.

⑥In fact, most  people say they feel more relaxed in the water. They stop thinking about the  things that make them anxious. The cool and quiet environment makes them  exercise more.

⑦Aquatic exercise is  suitable for everyone. You can do it at any age. It can even help people who  have been hurt in accidents. With aquatic exercise, they can move in ways they  can’t on land. For example, some people who can’t walk can walk and even run in  the water.

⑧So are you looking  for a fun way to improve your health? Why not try? Join the millions of people  who are burning calories while keeping cool in the pool.

61. Where do people do aquatic exercise?

62. Why do people burn more calories while doing aquatic  exercise?

63. Is it difficult to learn aquatic exercise?

64. Who is aquatic exercise suitable for?

65. What is the passage mainly about?

解析:

61. 属于细节题,特殊疑问句提问地点状语,注意答题时加上介词。

In a swimming  pool.

62. 属于细节题,特殊疑问句提问原因状语,注意用because或不定式回答。

Because it  takes more energy to move in the water.

63. 属于细节题,一般疑问句提问。注意用yes或no回答。

No.

64. 属于细节题,特殊疑问句提问主语。

Everyone.

65. 属于主旨题,可以使用“结构法”进行逐段分析。①—②段简单介绍这种运动  ③—⑦段描写这种运动的好处(简单,安全,放松,适合所有人)⑧段呼吁总结。

What aquatic  exercise is and its benefits.


九、书面表达解析:

第一、熟悉评分标准:

评分标准
第一档(13~15分)能涵盖所有要点, 行文连贯, 语言流畅, 无语法和习惯用法错误
第二档(9~12分)能涵盖所有要点, 行文基本连贯, 语言比较流畅, 但有少量语法和习惯用法错误。
第三档(5~8分) 能涵盖大部分要点, 但行文不够连贯, 并有少量语法和习惯表达错误。
第四档(0~4分)只表达了一、两个要点, 语言错误比较多, 仅有个别句子可读。
评分细则

    本大题共15分,  按4个档次给分。评分时先根据短文内容和语言表达的准确程度进档, 然后根据细节确定分数。

    按照谈话的情景(4分)、内容(5分)和感想(5分)三个要点赋分。内容部分可用直接引语或间接引语表述。

    书写工整1分。词数不够扣3至5分。 使用真实信息的扣2分。        


第二、确定写作的类型和要求:

尽管此文是信件形式的作文,但从体裁来看此题为记叙性作文,写好此类作文要注意以下几点:

一篇记叙文应注意交代清楚事情的始末细节,即何时、何地、何事、何人及何因(when,where,what,who and why/how),做到有条有理,使读者易于明白。 通常也采用三个层次叙述:第一层:交待故事发生的时间,地点与人物;第二层:推动情节发展(事情经过);第三层:结果或感想。具体到本文要讲述Who has changed  you? What happened to you? What have you learned from the change?


第三、开始写作

写作部分需参照作文评分标准,在不偏题、不漏要点的前提下,尽量运用丰富的表达句式,比如词组、从句及特殊句型,为自己的文章增彩。考前需集中练习几篇作文的书写进行分类练习;同时背诵三至五篇质量较高的范文。

Hi!Emily,

I am glad to hear  from you. I have changed a lot since I became a middle school student. Linda is  the person who has changed me.

I did not like running.  One day we had a relay race in P.E. class. I hesitated about whether to join in  the game or not. Linda came to me and told me not to worry. Then I decided to  join them. While running, I could hear my heart beating fast and I could hardly  breathe. Just when I wanted to give up, I heard someone cheering on me and  found that I was Linda. I regained my strength and kept running to the  finishing line.

With Linda’s encouragement and trust, I practiced running every day  after school from then on. It is she who makes me believe that I have the  ability to challenge myself to do something beyond my reach.

Yours,

Li Hua

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